PwC reported yesterday the results of a survey across 7 industry sectors in Europe, the US and Asia. The report showed that executives are increasingly concerned that minerals and metals will become scarcer over the next 5 years. According to the report economic and political drivers are generally seen as more important than physical drivers (such as the exhaustion of reserves).
With raw material scarcity (or even the perception of it) causing issues across supply chains, the need to manage both volume and price risk are likely to become increasingly important. In dealing with material scarcity, resource efficiency was seen as the single most effective response with strategic alliances with suppliers, diversification of material sourcing and re-use also seen as key ways to reduce risk.
The sovereign debt crisis in Europe has created a period of uncertainty for businesses in the UK, Europe and elsewhere. The daily dose of headline news seems to lurch inexorably from one crisis to the next like a slow motion train crash. While business sentiment has been on a downward trajectory for many months investor sentiment switches from periods of pessimism to optimism on an hourly basis depending on developments in Brussels.
With asset prices increasingly correlated, whether it be oil, share prices or metals, trying to determine pricing for end products across the supply chain is becoming increasingly fraught. Now with the end of 2011 approaching trading volumes across different classes tend to dry up resulting in increasingly volatile markets as news headlines swing prices more readily in thin markets. The FT report this morning that in foreign exchange markets volumes have dropped off much sooner than in previous years (more use to mid-Dec being the start of the ‘thin’ period) due to uncertainty and losses incurred by recent volatile sentiment. This pattern of lower volume trading may be reflected in commodities, resulting in an even more volatile end to 2011.