Business writing

I work with companies that want to produce bold and innovative content on financial and commodity markets, macroeconomics and trading and investor psychology. I you’d like to know more about how I can help grow your business please get in touch. Some examples of recent projects are outlined below.

5 behavioural biases to avoid for smarter energy procurement (Inteb)

“We can be blind to the obvious, and we are also blind to our blindness.”  – Daniel Kahneman

Behavioural biases typically fall into two different categories: emotional and cognitive. Emotional biases are where our feelings (hopes, fears, desires, etc.) distort our ability to make decisions rationally. Cognitive biases on the other hand are types of thinking that occur when we’re processing information. Together they are the mental shortcuts that quickly help us make sense of the world and make smart decisions. Most of the time these mental shortcuts work just fine, but in the complex world of volatile energy markets they can also lead us astray. In this article we look at five of the most common emotional biases to affect energy procurement participants looking to hedge their electricity and gas needs…(read article).

To herd or not to herd: How skewed incentives result in biased forecasts (ChAI)

shutterstock_1888031083 (1).jpg

“Forecasts usually tell us more of the forecaster than the future.” – Warren Buffet

Commodity market forecasters, like others who offer their views on the outlook for other financial markets are subject to several specific behavioural biases. These include confirmation bias (seeking out information that confirms our own worldview and reject or ignore any disconfirming evidence), recency bias (expecting the future to look very similar to the recent past), and theory-induced blindness (factors important in driving historical past are assumed to have the same weighting in the future). These and many other emotional and cognitive biases can result in poor predictions, influenced only by the individual biases of the forecaster.

The incentive structures, operating at both the firm and the individual analyst level are often mistakenly dismissed and discounted by ‘consumers’ of forecasts. In this article I outline under what conditions forecasters seek safety in numbers or stray from the herd, how career incentives affect the boldness of analyst predictions, the marketing value of forecasts, and finally the relationship between ‘skin-in-the-game’ and wishful thinking…(read article)

The Money Fight: Meme stocks, the short squeeze, and the sharp play (Mercurius)

Mayweather VS Mcgregor Simpson meme

In this article I demonstrate how the current financial system can suddenly catapult a company whose future looks bleak, into becoming the most valuable small cap stock in America. It shows why the best investors in today’s financial markets are not always the smartest. How the best investors in today’s financial markets are not always those that study the fundamentals. It shows that the winners are often those that know how to pump a stock with a contagious meme, and are able to rig the system in their favour.

There are signs that investors are getting dispirited now they know the system is unfair. Sports betting offers an alternative in which the smartest, sharpest bettors can and do win big consistently. Sports betting markets in an arena where only those on the pitch and in the ring matter. Sports betting markets are the fairest game out there.

Welcome to the money fight. What side will you pick?…(read article)

Value Investing is dead, long live value betting (Mercurius)

Value investing is dead meme

Investors who allocate their capital based on value have had a terrible decade. They have seen the price of some growth assets soar, defying the valuation metric employed by even the most ardent of value-based investors. These gravity defying assets have ridden a wave of technological and social trends, and the expectation (hope!) of strong growth in the future. Many of the companies in the latter group will meet their investors hopes and dreams, but many will not.

Investing trends always go through long periods in which one or another regime holds sway. However, things have changed from previous periods in history when value lost its way. The growth in passive investing has meant that fundamentals are no longer important. As the value of those dominant growth companies increases the narrative reinforces itself driving even more capital to be allocated. Meanwhile, with the cost of capital zero investors have nothing more to hang onto than the narrative, the meme. This has catapulted the share price of bankrupt, and technology backward companies, resurrecting them from the dead.

This article outlines how we got to where we are today, and where – amid financial markets where the facts no longer matter – value-based investing still exists…(read article)

Betting & Trading smarter: The Bulletproof Diet (Mercurius)

betting trading smarter

We all know that too little exercise, lashings of fast food and copious amounts of alcohol are bad for us. If only it were so simple to lead a healthy life by just knowing where the pitfalls lie. The key of course is only dabbling in small doses and above all being consistent. Throw in a tiring, stressful week at work and the opportunity to consume and the best laid dietary and exercise routine goes out the window.

The same delicate balancing act faces sports bettors and financial investors. In my previous article I detailed the top 10 emotional and cognitive biases. All told psychologists have identified that we suffer from well over 100 biases. Knowing those biases helps us know what to avoid. But in the same way that we know where the dodgy dietary choices lie, to never succumb to temptation is akin to admitting you are a robot…(read article)

Behavioural Finance: To exploit behavioural biases focus on the folly of the many, not the few (Mercurius)

Behavioural Finance

One of the greatest sources of edge is the one and only thing you have any power over – your own behaviour. If you can keep your head, while everyone else is losing theirs, then you can be there to exploit the mistakes of others and scoop up what is being left on the table.

Behavioural biases are the most persistent source of advantage in both financial and betting markets. Yet they are the most difficult to exploit. These biases have always been present and always will; human nature doesn’t change after all. We may think that we have evolved into smart people, capable of coldly calculating the odds of an event occurring and betting when the odds are in our favour. Unfortunately, our brains are still running with the same software that our ancestors had, thousands of years ago….(read article)

Stock trading is easy and the madness of crowds (Mercurius)

Stonks guy

During the first few months of 2020 the share price of a small Chinese company listed in the US rose 1,800%. No one really knew what the company did, or even whether they were still operating. The company had failed to provide any public disclosures since listing on the stock-market five years earlier.

The company was called Zoom Technologies and had the ticker symbol ZOOM. Unfortunately for those investors who bought into the rapid advance, Zoom Technologies has nothing to do with Zoom Communications, the video conferencing service that everyone has been using to hold meetings and virtual drinking sessions since lockdown. Concerned that investors might be getting confused, the US Securities and Exchange Commission promptly suspended trading in the shares for a brief period. Well done that lucky investor that realised their mistake (or the mistakes made by others) before the shares were halted….(read article)

Technical Commodity Market Analysis (Vaultcomms Newsletters)

“Fundamentalists that don’t pay attention to the charts are like a doctor who says he’s not going to take a patient’s temperature.” — Bruce Kovner

The previous article focused on the power of fundamental analysis: understanding the supply and demand of a commodity, and then taking a view as to how those factors are likely to evolve in the future. This article looks at how you can use technical analysis, which is essentially looking at past price movements to indicate where prices are likely to move to in the future.

As with both fundamental and technical analysis, there are no sure-fire indicators that work all the time, and under all market conditions. However, using these tools helps to move the odds in your favour…(read article)

Fundamental Commodity Market Analysis (Vaultcomms Newsletters)

Fundamental analysis focuses on understanding the supply and demand of a commodity, and then taking a view as to how those factors are likely to evolve in the future. If an investor thinks that the market is underestimating the risk of demand being too strong relative to supply, then there could be an opportunity to take advantage of a rise in prices.

This article focuses on the major financial factors affecting all commodities, and then looks at some of the key factors that affect individual commodities types. Each section includes several resources that you can use to track commodity fundamentals…(read article)

Alternative reality: The risks and opportunities of investing in alternative assets (Mercurius)

alternative assets

Asset allocation has traditionally been thought of as the right mix of stocks (equities), government bonds and cash. Enough risk to generate returns but enough safety to meet unexpected expenses and not run the risk of a disastrous hit to your portfolio. When you are young the risk/reward ratio of holding riskier more volatile assets is in your favour, but as you get older investors typically want to taper their exposure to risky assets to ensure they have enough to retire on.

Benjamin Graham is often considered to be the founder of value investing and one of the most influential investors of all time. Graham recommended that investors should use a 50-50 stock-bond allocation as a baseline, and then shift as far as 25-75 in either direction, based on market conditions. Discussing the strategy in his book, “The Intelligent Investor,” he recommended:

“The sound reason for increasing the percentage in common stocks would be the appearance of ‘bargain price’ levels created in a protracted bear market. Conversely, sound procedure would call for reducing the common-stock component below 50% when in the judgment of the investor the market level has become dangerously high.”…(read article)

The 7 lessons the 2008 Global Financial Crisis (GFC) and other crises can teach investors (Mercurius)

Financial crisis 2008

Over time investors become conditioned to assume that market returns are relatively tranquil, that they closely follow something akin to a normal distribution curve. Most market outcomes are well defined and fall within the centre of the distribution, or so that’s what investors think. This view is reinforced when they see equity markets gradually appreciate year after year. Investors may even leverage up their portfolios, betting that market returns will broadly follow this benign profile.

The tails at both ends of the curve reflect extreme market outcomes (either extremely positive or negative), but which are assumed to be very unlikely to occur. And since tail risks do not happen very often (and are difficult to quantifying), investors fail to take account of them in their portfolio – either by seeking to gain or protect themselves from those events….(read article)

A crude bet: What gyrations in the oil market have in common with betting markets (Mercurius)

Crude Oil market

In the space of a few short months oil markets switched from scarcity to abundance. This article explains what happened and highlights how oil traders seek to gain an edge by considering how other participants in the market react, thinking through what the second order consequences could be, changing your time perspective to find the best value bets, and finally employing big data and systematic strategies to gain insight and taking the emotion out of trading.

Cast your mind back to early January 2020. The United States had just launched a drone attack near Baghdad’s airport. An Iranian major general, Qassem Soleimani was killed in the strike. Trending on Twitter at the time was the hashtag #WWIII….(read article)

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